Authorship Criteria

Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to each of the three components mentioned below:

  1. Concept and design of study or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data;
  2. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
  3. Final approval of the version to be published.
  • Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. 
  • General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. 
  • Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content of the manuscript. 
  • The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing the manuscript. 
  • Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors. 
  • The journal prescribes a maximum number of authors for manuscripts depending upon the type of manuscript, its scope and number of institutions involved. 
  • The authors should provide a justification, if the number of authors exceeds these limits.

Contribution Details

  • Contributors should provide a description of contributions made by each of them towards the manuscript. 
  • Description should be divided in following categories, as applicable: concept, design, definition of intellectual content, literature search, clinical studies, experimental studies, data acquisition, data analysis, statistical analysis, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing and manuscript review. 
  • Authors’ contributions will be printed along with the article. 
  • One or more author should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole from inception to published article and should be designated as ‘guarantor’.

Conflicts of Interest

  • All authors must disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with publication of the manuscript or an institution or product that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study presented. 
  • Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.
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